Drought Resilience Intervention
Kalemunyang is a location in Loima sub-County with four sub- locations: Naremit, Kangalita, Kotela and Kabulokor. Kabulokor sub- location comprises of four villages in the order of Kangole, Kawaret, Nakorokoroite, and Kabulokor itself. It has 1,150 persons forming a dwelling population whilst 12 kilometre away from Lorugum the Sub-County Headquarter. From the ancient times, the historical memory recaps the occupants has being agro -pastoralist benefiting from the seasonal water flowing river Turkwel. Time and again, the river banks have made the inhabitants access a progressive subsistence food security, which has had gradual changes through small scale farming opportunities. Going by this, subsistence farming has supported livelihood options for the riverine community in a number of decades. However, 2015 annual planting season calendar started as early as January , the peasant farmers did prepare locally portioned pieces of land in the hope to recoup a living as usual. Without community Knowledge including village elders, a number of peasant farmers and the area chief, the area member of County Assembly, key officials from the ministry of Agriculture, water / Irrigation , a directly procured contractor and one bribed focal farmer with 1 HODA generator, several water pipes and KES 50,000 on their own arrangement held indoor discussion about scheme extension. According to the inside stories, the County Government had planned efforts to revitalize irrigation scheme activities that seemed to have not consulted the beneficiary community in the initial stages. On the same wavelength, the Social Auditor team in the sub-location had the information about the issue. On the 14th June 2015 during Social Accountability and mentoring visit, the affected farmers stormed the meeting and expressed their grievances, then we left with part of the team in LOKADO’s motor Vehicle while others on their footed to the site and we found the tractor at work clearing the then ten hectares demarcated farm field with ripe vegetables/fruits, (Bananas, paw paws, kale and maize. Thereafter, the foreman and the machine operator declined to provide sufficient information as to why illegal destruction of ready food for the poor peasant farmers? The team on phone call had chance to directly seed due diligence with more clarification from the ministry. The problem at hand had sent signals of food insecurity to sedentary farmers, this attempt has made the farmers going bed hungry. However, Social Audit team had disseminated the information on time and the follow ups have revealed the hidden story of mono eyed government for not considering the other farmers for compensation, below is clip and a photo that provides insight story
The location is situated in Turkana Central sub-County about is 55 km from Lodwar which is the county’s Headquarters, 19,564 forms current dwelling population this is 2009 Kenya National Bureau of Statistics Census data. Sessional Nakiria River is 3 km North of Kalokol centre, while Lake Turkana is about 5 KM East of the Town. However, three locations form Kalokol Division, namely Namadak, Kapua and Kalokol. Thirty villages forms Kalokol Location which includes Dapal, Nakwamomwa, Kamugengiro, Akatorongot, Atirae, Napeikopo, Maendeleo A&B, Napetepet, Nakiria , Slaughter , Lochuka , Lowoiangikeny, Nariamawoi, Natole, Ngingolekoyo, Atangki, Nakwamekwi, Lopongo, Nachok, Loro, Nasikiria, Kura, Ngimanimania, Naremeit, Impreza, Lopangae, Eperetet , Daraja and Lokwarangikaleso. The habitants commonly survive on fishing as their solely economic activity and livelihood attached option, this has for many generations cushioned the peri -urban dwellers. There exist a few array of pastoralist along the hilly ridges rearing and managing livestock though fishing activity has been supporting them from a distance. The two category of the community currently depends on Nakiria River water for domestic and livestock use, this is because the lake water tastes saline and have no certification at all, though in some quarters, of the public drink as last recourse when a phenomenon befalls them, drinking such waters is contrary to the Humanitarian dignity principles, the United Nation Convention and the world Millennium Development Goals principles do deter such practise even if the worse disaster prevails Antiquity, the wise saying going “history repeats itself” , as early as 1960s there exited a few population and by then a wind mill installed by AIC Mission at Kona Bar area that served the growing number persons along the Lake shore in Ngapurusio area which later turned be Kura village after an election process. The then District Commissioner around 1968 transported five hundred vulnerable persons from Nadapal area –West of Lodwar Town to Kalokol to use and or depend on the Lake resources as a source of livelihood option , This then increased the population of Kura Village . This formed the core and the primary indicator that led and necessitated un planned increase to the existent population The then hunger displaced persons lived as pockets in scattered fortified villages, but surviving on palm tree From 1974 onwards there rose issues relating to the then growing Ferguson Gulf where Turkana Elders visited a foreteller who by magical interpretation had “ a water stick –flow “ that would give to an individual for a ritual function, Somehow somewhere in the middle of the same year, gave out the “HIT STICK” to the then visiting elders to hit lake shore , there after the occurrence , the salty Lake shore water extended to the current Namukuse. However, this is how an emerging population the people from Kerio, Illiye, Kakuma, Lorugum, Loima Lokori upto upcountry (Kitale & Kisumu) came for fish harvesting at Lake Turkana. This too contributed to population increasing indicator. During 1980s, Turkana Rehabilitation Project started (TRP), as results of persistent drought that affected pastoralist and fishmongers was introduced, The National Government by then identified one thousand vulnerable families from Kalimapus, Napeikopo, and Nachok, as communities affected by the famine. Food for Work Scheme was introduced on tree planting to manage catchments programme this too was another addition to the already increasing population. During the periods starting 1978 to 1981 saw Turkana Fisheries Factory under construction and completion, the fishing process was on going, this drew membership registration , employment opportunities, business community interests, and fishmonger was attracted from within and outside the district for the upcoming factory development. After factory completion, the Government in collaborated with NORAD , drilled and installed water system at Lopiding , Ekalengole ,and Lore Angoria which had twin connection system shallow well for town and factory water consumption. This is where the periods when the water table (aquiver) was high due to constant rainfall pattern, The Factory water project was quite independent from the other activities, water kosks were constructed by NORAD at Kura, Fisheries, Market, Napetet, while town residents had water pipes drawing water from the main the line that crossed : Lopidong, Ekal engole which is 10 KM to and from the main road straight to the factory . While town residents drew water from return pipes that was metred Recently the County Government efforts to construct, revive existing water structures in thee location to meeting sedentary settlements water demand , this attempt found Strawn at Kadokorinyang but did not explore to Full Tension Gravity ,this would have cautioned local capacity daily requirements that would have solved thirsty and hungry basic need . Time and again, a clique of river bed beneficiaries have never been subjected to quality water access consumption. However, old water sources still support considerable number of household to mention thirty villages in question. The mushrooming fishing activity un today, recalls the well-wishers from Norwegian Government that constructed and established a fishing facility-plant that stalled after 1 decade .The ever booming fishing lake water is diminishing due to GIBE I,II &III effects , The then well maintained tarmacked road is in shocking, devastating and potholed-state, residents from close range villages of Longech, Namukuse and Kalokol town centre are dependent to relief food Aid plus the unforeseen rural electrification. Napasnyang borehole has been serving the primary object of domestic and livestock water , undoubtedly, the aquiver level has faced challenge of water diminishing return during dry spell coupled with absence and poor sanitation factor that is littered all over as un managed waste . The packed lot captured below shows a sharp increase in water crisis that has burdened the vulnerable population. The community forums awareness rights is driving selected water committee to drafting community action plan to solicit ways of fixing water problem for livelihood options. This factorized location started way 1970s with mushrooming fishing activity un today, well-wishers from Norwegian Government constructed and established a fishing facility-plant that stalled after 1 decade .The ever booming fishing lake water is diminishing due to GIBE I,II &III effects , The then well maintained tarmacked road is in shocking, devastating and potholed-state, residents from close range villages of Longech, Namukuse and Kalokol town centre are dependent to relief food Aid plus the unforeseen rural electrification. Napasnyang borehole has been serving the primary object of domestic and livestock water , undoubtedly, the aquiver level has faced challenge of water diminishing return during dry spell coupled with absence and poor sanitation factor that is littered all over as un managed waste . The packed lot captured below shows a sharp increase in water crisis that has burdened the vulnerable population. The community forums awareness rights is driving selected water committee to drafting COMMUNITY ACTION PLAN to solicit ways of fixing water problem for livelihood options,
Nachukui sub-Location (5000)
Nariokotome village members have been demanding for return back of the fossils found 9feet old boy aging 3 million years ago, the monument for some for considerable time has been between intergovernmental discussions , The old boy issues has been surrounding a controversial debate agenda whether a return or a possession, and or maintained with the National Government museum. The Social Audit team in the sub-location has constantly been sharing information with the county Government and the museums of. Alas! Long not to last, an agreement was arrived that led to the development of legends shown below by the county Government, though issues dominating rural electrification acquisition has been a myth
Lowarengak (24000 population)
The communities in the location have had impacts of water shortages , encroaching prosopis (Etirae) and Hyacinth (ekamatie) that have become barriers to fishing activity and hide out of Dassenach(Merille) taken the advantage to killing many pastoralist along the border line. Satellite gadgets a drought monitor system records the green effects of prosopis has rain appositive impacts whereas four years down the line hundredth of women butchered and raped dead carcass by Dassenach in addition to the absence of rural electrification facility .The community forums conducted in the area revealed an a comprehensive Community Action Plan(CAP) shared with key national and county government officials has yield fruits for clearing the species within calendar period in the year.
The location is one among those in Turkana North Sub-County which has had adverse series of impacts including poor network communication process, an increasing number of elites missing lucrative jobs from NGOs , private sector, and both county and National Government . Even those accessing casual jobs from construction companies find themselves mistreated with their rights violated , this has been an ongoing process that worsened in the recent calendar dating 1960s and with a little reduction within some quarters of 2015. During the recaps of 2013 devolution process, the residents thought, alas! “heavenly luck has befallen before us” One aging and active man narrates .On the contrary, those lucky to be contracted by County and National Governments unfolded the constructions of ECD structures in Lokudongo, Nakapelewoi, and Nakaleleot villages, this saw 112 casual labourers engaging for a living but AAAH! Three moons later were never paid their dues that had accumulated to the tune of KES 628,950 .Currently Social Auditors have made compilation and submitted reports to the relevant ministry of Education while copying to the CEC-Finance and the Governor for a redress.
The community members in the location for last three unto the present government regimes have had poor access to Networks providers while under Democratic Kenya territory , access to rural electrification that is a constitutional mandate is a myth , Elderly men and women have lost access to National Government Hunger Safety Net -A cash transfers programme from the ministry of labour has become historical tale under a tree of old men , coupled with are the Persons with Disabilities ( PWDs) including the pictorial captured 8 years young female Girl – by names Eyanae Emaniman with Head problem has lacked access to basic medical services attention from a constitutionalized and democratic reformed county. Social Audit team have un earthed the hidden treasure through Community forum rights awareness and Social Accountability in the same wave length with Mentoring visits that saw Elderly men and women in June 2015 pocket monies and for the first time access Cash Transfer in the hands.
Being strategically located along A1 road linking Kenya to South Sudan ,15 years has seen residents of Lolupe scrambling over water crisis, hygiene to include personal and communal toilets has had the forest being on the rescue side and more worse is the all over littered and un managed solid waste but not to mention basic rights like rural electrification. However, the Social Audit team are making follow ups on the 2013/2014 KES31Million funds budgeted and allocated for water by the ministry though side stories claims that funds were re-budgeted while other stories retrieves poached essays that were misappropriated .
8 well-structured schemes in the location have for generations not changed livelihood pattern of the community, the diminishing livelihood options from pauper residents and more so the farmers is as results of misappropriated funds by unscrupulous duty bearers that was meant to cushion their lifestyle. June and July 2015 Community Forum rights awareness has elevated thinking of schemes management that the community action Plan documented in July has been shared with relevant ministry and thirty community members including scheme officials have had one on one round table discussion with The County Key Officials to determining the footing forth of their dependant source of livelihood.